Discover the Rich History of Beijing Traditional Clothing

Discover the Rich History of Beijing Traditional Clothing

Discover the Rich History of Beijing Traditional Clothing

The Evolution of Beijing Traditional Clothing

Beijing, the capital city of China, boasts a rich history dating back thousands of years. The traditional clothing of Beijing, also known as Hanfu, has its roots in ancient Chinese culture. Over the centuries, it has evolved and been influenced by various dynasties, social classes, and cultural changes. Today, traditional clothing in Beijing manifests the beauty and elegance of the city’s past.

The Influence of Dynasties

Different dynasties that ruled over Beijing have left their mark on traditional clothing. The Tang Dynasty (618-907) was a golden age for Chinese civilization and had a significant impact on fashion. During this period, long, flowing robes with broad sleeves and embroidered patterns became popular. The Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) saw a return to simplicity and elegance, with loose and graceful garments representing the refined tastes of the ruling class.

Social Classes and Fashion

Throughout Chinese history, clothing has always been an essential indicator of social status. The traditional clothing in Beijing reflects this social hierarchy. The Manchu ethnic minority, who ruled China during the Qing Dynasty (1644-1912), introduced their own style of clothing called the qipao. Originally worn by the Manchu women, it later became popular among the Han Chinese in Beijing. The qipao is a form-fitting dress that accentuates the beauty of the figure.

The Cultural Revolution and Traditional Clothing

The Cultural Revolution in the 1960s and 1970s had a significant impact on traditional clothing in Beijing. During this period, there was a push towards uniformity, and traditional clothing was seen as a symbol of the old feudal system. Many traditional garments were forbidden, and people were encouraged to wear simple, utilitarian outfits. This shift resulted in a decline in the popularity and visibility of traditional clothing in Beijing.

The Revival of Traditional Clothing

In recent years, there has been a renewed interest in traditional clothing in Beijing. The younger generation is embracing their cultural heritage and reviving traditional garments. Traditional clothing is no longer limited to formal occasions but is also being incorporated into contemporary fashion. Designers are combining traditional elements with modern aesthetics, creating a unique fusion of old and new.


1. What is Hanfu?

Hanfu refers to traditional Chinese clothing, including garments worn by the Han ethnic group. It has a long history and varies in style and design according to different dynasties and regions.

2. Are there any specific colors associated with Beijing traditional clothing?

Yes, traditional clothing in Beijing is often adorned with auspicious colors such as red, which symbolizes happiness and prosperity. Yellow, the color associated with the emperor, is also commonly seen in royal attire.

3. Can traditional clothing be worn in modern settings?

Absolutely! Traditional clothing in Beijing has evolved to be more adaptable to modern settings. It is not only worn during festivals and formal occasions but also incorporated into daily wear by fashion-conscious individuals.

4. Where can one purchase traditional clothing in Beijing?

There are various shops and online platforms that specialize in traditional clothing in Beijing. Visitors can also find a wide range of options in markets such as Panjiayuan Antique Market and Liulichang Cultural Street.